June 6, 2012

Samson- A Man of Light

Numbers 4:20-7:89
Judges 13
John 12:20-36

The portion named Nasso is about a lifting up. It’s about a refuge. It’s about a people who take refuge in YHWH.
Nasa is Strong’s H5375, made up of the letters Nun, Samech, and Aleph. The word itself, according to Strong’s Concordance, is a primitive root and means simply “to ‘lift’ in a great variety of applications”.

In the Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible (AHLB) the word’s meaning is broken down and expanded a bit. “The pictograph (Nun) is a picture of a seed representing continuance, the (Samech) is a picture of a thorn representing the idea of grabbing hold. Combined these mean "continue to grab hold" of the tribal ensign flag. Nasa is #1314-E (V) in this book, and means “To lift up a burden and carry it” in the sense of a Standard Bearer. Take refuge under that Standard. Don’t let go of it.
It is related to the word Nus, Strong’s H5127, (Nun, Vav, Samech) which means “to vanish” or “take refuge.” The AHLB says, “To run to the Standard for safety,” or “Fleeing to any safe place such as a city or mountain.”

The word Manos, Strong’s H4498, (Mem, Nun, Vav, Samech) means “refuge,” being a place of safety which we run to. This word is, while correspondent and related to these other words, directly related to the word Manoach, Strong’s H4495, (Mem, Nun, Vav, Chet) which is the name of Samson’s father in Judges 13. Manoach means “rest” as one who is dwelling in a place of refuge.
The place where Manoach and his wife dwell is called Tzor’ah, Strong’s H6881, (Tzadek, Resh, Ayin, Hey) which means “wasp” as stinging. It is derived from Strong’s H6879, Tzar’ah. Tzar’ah means “to scourge” or “be stricken with leprousy,” in reference to the welts that are caused by an infection.

This goes back to Numbers 5:1-4, but specifically verse 2, where YHWH commands that all lepers (the word Tzar’ah) be sent out of the camp so that they do not defile it.
Manoach was of the tribe of Dan, meaning the “judge or ruler,” H1835. The root word is Strong’s H1777 Diyn (Dalet, Yod, Nun Sofit), which means “judge”. The AHLB describes the meaning of the word this way; “The pictograph (Dalet) is a picture of a door. The (Nun) is a picture of a seed representing the idea of life. Combined these pictures mean ‘the door of life.’ The Ancient Hebrew concept of a ‘judge’ is one who restores life. The goal of one that rules or judges is to bring a pleasant and righteous life to the people. This can also mean a deliverer as one who restores life to his people.”

Explained this way, we begin to see the idea of the Leper Messiah of previous Torah Portions (specifically the Tazria-Metzora double portion). To further illustrate the issue, we read that Manoach and his wife named their son Samson. Samson, a son given to a barren couple, is the man YHWH intends to “begin to save Yisrael out of the hands of the Philistines” (Judges 13:5).
Samson’s name means Sunlight (H8123), as a ray of brilliant light. It is derived from H8121, Shemesh, which simply means “Sun.” Shemesh is the same word used to name the “servant” candle on a Menorah or Chanukia. The Shamash serves the other candles by sharing the light it bears, so that they can ignite and shine brightly together.

While trying to find how we get “servant” from “sun” I came across this word study by Brad Scott, which completely ties in to the line of thought I was pursuing.
http://www.wildbranch.org/teachings/word-studies/54sun.html -In many pagan religions and cultures the sun is worshipped and served as a god. However, according to Scripture, the sun is placed in the heavens to serve mankind, and at the same time to rule over the day (Bere’shiyt (Genesis) 1:18). This obvious dichotomy is untangled when we see the meaning behind the Hebrew word for sun, shemesh (שמש).

This word has several interesting characteristics. We begin with the dual meanings of the word and how they are translated. The word shemesh is generally translated as the big ball of fire in the sky. The word shamash, which is the verbal root of shemesh, means to serve or minister. The center lamp or candle in the Chanukah lamp, for example, is called the shamash, or ministering candle. It is the candle that bears the light that will light the other candles. Here we see the connection between the light produced by fire and the idea of serving or ministering. This same relationship can be seen when breaking down the word shamash, as well. The last two consonants are the first two consonants of the word mashal (משל), which means to rule. This is mentioned in the function of the greater light (the sun), in the beginning. The first two letters form the Hebrew word for name or shem (שם). The last letters also are cognates of the word for fire which is 'esh (אש), i.e. name of the fire.
It might be interesting to note that the dichotomy of ruling and serving as seen in the words sun and minister is also found in the nature of the Messiah. For not only is He the King of Kings but He also came to serve rather than be served.

Mattityahu (Matthew) 20:28 ‘ Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many.’
Yesha’yahu (Isaiah) 42:1 ‘Hear now, O Joshua, the high priest, thou, and thy fellows who sit before thee; for they are men wondered at; for, behold, I will bring forth my servant, the branch.’

It is also quite possible that the translation of this word in Male’akiy (Malachi) 4:2 could just as well be minister as sun. But, on the other hand, we really are talking about the same thing.
Male’akiy 4:2 ‘But unto you that fear my name shall the sun [minister] of righteousness arise with healing in His wings; and ye shall go forth, and grown up like calves of the stall.’”

A note on www.abarim-publications.com says, “The name Samson is the word Shemesh postfixed with the vav-nun extension. This extension personifies or localizes the root: the name Samson means Sun-Man.”
So, the servant-ruler is a picture of Yahshua Messiah. This Samson is given to the people as a servant-ruler in foreshadowing of Yahshua Messiah. Samson is meant as a type, a vision of the greater Messiah to come.

Samson is a judge/ruler of the tribe of Dan, which means judge/ruler. He was given to a man who did not have any children, and was thus an outcast in their culture, and thus essentially equal to a leper. But, even in Tzor’ah, he was dwelling in a place of refuge, under YHWH’s wings. Samson was called to hold up the Standard of YHWH for the people, and to break the yoke of their oppressors from them.
When Manoach and his wife had been conversing with the messenger YHWH had sent to them, they asked what his name was so that they could esteem him when his words came to pass. He replied with this, “Why do you ask my name, since it is wondrous?” (Judges 13:18) He did not give them a name, for himself or the child. But in the end, Manoach and his wife really did name Samson after this man that they had seen.

YHWH’s messengers, and particularly the ones who it can be argued were likely Yahshua himself, as this one was (vs.18, 22-23), are generally described as being very bright, brilliant, or surrounded by light. They named their son “Sun-man” after the image of this messenger. He was to be a light to those around him, leading the people in the manner of Messiah, similarly to the appearance of this man who had instructed Manoach according to YHWH’s will for the child.
Samson did begin to deliver YHWH’s people from the Philistines. He often did not obey YHWH’s Word, but when he did do as he was supposed to it was an awesome sight to see. The things that he did accomplish in attacking the Philistines were deliverance, and an image of Messiah. In the end, he broke down their stronghold, and in his death brought YHWH glory.


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